Being among the most popular and widely used tools for web application front-end development, React v/s Vue is a tough pick. Both frameworks are highly efficient and offer great features, making the job of a developer convenient. However, both have their use cases and target different business needs.
This blog would first cover the popularity and purpose of a web application, followed by differences between React v/s Vue and the use cases. We intend to help a reader make an informed decision while choosing between React and Vue for their web application development.
Research and statistics show that the number of people searching for and downloading new apps has dropped significantly. According to a report by Sensor Tower, “in-app purchases, premium apps and subscriptions across both the Apple’s App Store and Google Play went down by 4.8% to $31.6 billion from the $33.1 billion in Q2 202”. Social media apps however continue to gather engagement.
Web applications on the other hand, have become more popular and widely used in contemporary times. These applications are easily accessible, more convenient for users and involve less development costs, with more engagement.
Google Docs or Google Sheets, Zoom and Microsoft 365 are the most commonly used and popular web application.
Nicolas Gallagher, Engineering Lead for Twitter Lite said:
‘Twitter Lite is now the fastest, least expensive, and most reliable way to use Twitter. The web app rivals the performance of our native apps but requires less than 3% of the device storage space compared to Twitter for Android.’
Twitter with its PWAs was able to achieve 65% increase in page views per session,75% increase in Tweets sent and 20% decrease in bounce rate.
Research shows that one in five users never relaunch an app after one session. Offering users to install a Progressive web application (PWA) directly from a browser thus seems to be a smarter move than making them visit application stores, putting user attention span and engagement at stake. PWAs with their smaller size and quick installation process, provide businesses with a higher chance of successful user onboarding (from website to the app), eventually decreasing development cost and subsequently increasing marketing ROI.
PWAs combine desirable features of both native and hybrid apps. PWAs are:
Flipkart built its first PWA few years ago and nearly 70% of its new customers from small towns and cities came through web application just within 2 years of its rolling out.
Moreover, the smaller size of PWA core helped Tinder cut load times from 11.9 seconds to 4.69 seconds and have users engaging — and swiping right — at an all-time high.
Comparison between the data-investment for Tinder Online vs the native apps
The Stack Overflow Survey 2020 stated that ‘68.9% of developers are using React.js to develop web applications while 66.0% of developers use Vue.js.
Let’s see the key differences between React and Vue.
3. React has competent architecture, Virtual DOM manipulation, and component state management, providing developers with more freedom in terms of tools (pre-built and third-party). However, new developers may be overwhelmed by the abundance of third-party tools/instruments.
The widespread tools and libraries are developed by the core team for Vue. Additionally, there are community-based solutions as well. Therefore, this framework has a more balanced number and combination of third-party and pre-built tools. This helps both experienced developers and new ones to work smoothy through the tools.
4. Since React is backed by Meta, it is more popular and has a larger community. In fact, React has over 187k GitHub stars along with the continuously growing community. Vue has a smaller community, and limited resources and modules.
6. Performance (Speed wise) of an application developed using React is simply quicker than an application created using Vue. React applications have simpler performance in experience to users and components that function well together.
Applications developed using Vue on the other hand become more unclear if any addition of new option or components take place, taking more time to load. However, lazy loading feature of Vue helps in reducing the load time to some extent.
|Type||Library to build UI||Framework|
|Application Types||Single- page Apps||Advanced Single –page Apps and supports Native apps|
|Ideal for||Modern web development and also native-rendered apps for iOS and Android||Ideal for web development and single-page applications|
|Flexibility||If you want to have flexibility in the development environment||If you want to have separation of concerns|
|Model||Based on Virtual DOM (Document Object Model)||Based on Virtual DOM (Document Object Model)|
|Scalability||More scalable||Less scalable|
|Community Support||Meta developers’ community||Open-source project sponsored through crowd-sourcing|
Let’s look at suitability of both the frameworks in terms of project nature and scale.
Some of these use cases would help you decide better the framework that suits your business nature and needs.
PayPal used React js to enhance the navigational workflows, bookmarks, and rendering of their payment gateway application initially.
Meta uses React js in their Facebook Ads Manager presently; at the same time, the Meta web app is built with more than 20,000 React js components.
Netflix used React in enhancing performance and limiting processing times to the earliest for a more seamless user experience.
Twitter uses React to add updated content, enhance user experience, and create browser-based UI. They revamped their site’s front-end architecture using React and came up with the PWA version.
Google Careers is built using Vue, facilitating a map of job opportunities, interactive content, and more.
Behance, part of Adobe, is developed using Vue. It showcases creative work and portfolios, connecting individual talents and companies globally.
GiveDirectly, the first of its kind and largest NPO that facilitates exchange of funds between donors and the needy was created using Vue.
While both frameworks are being widely used, they come with their own list of pros and cons.
While React is a tried-and-tested framework with strong corporate backing and a significant open-source group, Vue on the other hand is still a growing frontend development name. In fact, React ranks fourth ‘Most loved frameworks of Stack Overflow 2021’ list and was also featured in the ‘Topmost wanted frameworks’ by Stack Overflow.
While React is better at performance and its library is more scalable, Vue is easier to learn and has the best documentation in the industry.
The choice should eventually depend upon the reader’s business needs. Go for React if a large application has to be built with ease of development. On the other hand, if a business needs a simple application with the best documentation and easy integration, then Vue is the way to go.
Following are the similarities between Vue and React:
1. Both support PWA
2. Usage of Virtual DOM is common
3. View both composable and reactive components
5. Prioritize a core library, with partner libraries managing networking and universal state management
6. Ability to integrate with any existing web app
Vue and React both face security issues. However, Vue applications are slightly easier to protect than React-based apps.
The React library is more scalable, allowing businesses to develop more complex enterprise-level applications. This is primarily due to lot of architecture and success stories built in React and made it Open source on GitHub/Bitbucket
Vue should be used when you need to build a simpler and much faster web application, or if you need enhanced and comprehensive documentation. It is more convenient to develop template-based applications.
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